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A few things you probably didn't know about animals......by the way, did you know that owls are the only birds that can see the color blue?

Ostriches are often not taken seriously. They can run faster than horses, and the males can roar like lions.

Seals used for their fur get extremely sick when taken aboard ships.

Sloths take two weeks to digest their food.

Guinea pigs and rabbits can't sweat.

The pet food company Ralston Purina recently introduced, from its subsidiary Purina Philippines, power chicken feed designed to help roosters build muscles for cockfighting, which is popular in many areas of the world.

According to the Wall Street Journal, the cockfighting market is huge: The Philippines has five million roosters used for exactly that.

Sharks and rays are the only animals known to man that don't get cancer. Scientists believe this has something to do with the fact that they don't have bones, but cartilage.

The porpoise is second to man as the most intelligent animal on the planet.

Young beavers stay with their parents for the first two years of their lives before going out on their own.

Skunks can accurately spray their smelly fluid as far as ten feet.

Deer can't eat hay.

Gopher snakes in Arizona are not poisonous, but when frightened they may hiss and shake their tails like rattlesnakes.

On average, dogs have better eyesight than humans, although not as colorful.

The duckbill platypus can store as many as six hundred worms in the pouches of its cheeks.

The lifespan of a squirrel is about nine years.

North American oysters do not make pearls of any value.

Human birth control pills work on gorillas.

Many sharks lay eggs, but hammerheads give birth to live babies that look like very small duplicates of their parents. Young hammerheads are usually born headfirst, with the tip of their hammer-shaped head folded backward to make them more streamlined for birth.

Gorillas sleep as much as fourteen hours per day.

A biological reserve has been made for golden toads because they are so rare.

There are more than fifty different kinds of kangaroos.

Jellyfish like salt water. A rainy season often reduces the jellyfish population by putting more fresh water into normally salty waters where they live.

The female lion does ninety percent of the hunting.

The odds of seeing three albino deer at once are one in seventy-nine billion, yet one man in Boulder Junction, Wisconsin, took a picture of three albino deer in the woods.

A group of twelve or more cows is called a flink.

Cats often rub up against people and furniture to lay their scent and mark their territory. They do it this way, as opposed to the way dogs do it, because they have scent glands in their faces.

Cats sleep up to eighteen hours a day, but never quite as deep as humans. Instead, they fall asleep quickly and wake up intermittently to check to see if their environment is still safe.

Catnip, or Nepeta cataria, is an herb with nepetalactone in it. Many think that when cats inhale nepetalactone, it affects hormones that arouse sexual feelings, or at least alter their brain functioning to make them feel "high." Catnip was originally made, using nepetalactone as a natural bug repellant, but roaming cats would rip up the plants before they could be put to their intended task.

The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans ages the equivalent of five human years for every day they live, so they usually die after about fourteen days. When stressed, though, the worm goes into a comatose state that can last for two or more months. The human equivalent would be to sleep for about two hundred years.

You can tell the sex of a horse by its teeth. Most males have 40, females have 36.

Tuatara lizards, from New Zealand, have two eyes in the center of their heads and a third one on top of their heads.

A British medical journal called The Practitioner has determined that bird watching can be hazardous to one's health. They have officially designated bird watching a hazardous activity, using the example of the death of a bird watcher who became so wrapped up in watching a particular bird that he failed to notice his potentially dangerous surroundings and was eaten by a crocodile.

Because porcupines have hollow quills, they are great swimmers.

Mediterranean divers, before the Middle Ages, used to gather the golden strands of the pen shell, using them to weave a very fine cloth for the purpose of making womens' gloves. The cloth was so fine, in fact, that a pair of these gloves could be packed into an empty walnut shell, or anything of comparable volume.

Snakes who have the genetic mutation of having been born with two heads have a hard time eating, because the two heads generally fight over which gets the food.

Baby songbirds seem to learn how to sing from the adult birds of their species, and if they are raised by other species, they don't sing the same as their ancestors. They often make strange warbling noises, but may also learn the songs of other species. In the latter case, they can pass these songs on to their offspring.

Giraffes can't cough.

Elephants can smell water from as far away as three miles.

The Japanese quail has many values to the people who live in the areas it habitates. They are used for their song, their eggs, their uses as fighting cocks, for their meat, and are carried around in cold weather in South china to keep one's hands warm.

All shrimp are born male, but slowly grow into females as they mature.

The stomach acids in a snake's stomach can digest bones and teeth but not fur or hair.

The March Hare from Alice In Wonderland portrays the actual antics of real hares during springtime, when they jump around and hit their large hind feet on the ground.

Some species of dinosaur were the size of chickens.

Birds cannot go into outer space, because they use gravity to assist them in swallowing, so they'd quickly choke and die in a non-gravity environment.

The Metro Goldwyn Mayer lion lived in Memphis, Tennessee.

Humans have three color receptors in their eyes, while goldfish have four, and mantis shrimp have ten.

Studies have shown that pigs are one of the more intelligent animals, surprisingly. They come a close second only to primates. They are so smart, in fact, that they can be trained to do tricks like a dog.

Birds do not sleep in their nests, although they may rest in them from time to time.

The average giraffe has a blood pressure two or three times that of the average human.

Some birds from the rain forests of South America actually breed in Canada in the summer, before returning south for the winter.

The giant Pacific octopus can squeeze its entire body through a hole the size of its beak.

More types of fish live in one Amazon River tributary than in all the rivers in North America combined.

Penguins generally mate once and produce one egg per year.

The mako shark and great white shark are two of the few species of shark that are warm blooded.

You can house break an armadillo.

Cows are the only mammals that pee backwards.

Greyhound dogs can see better than any other breed of dog.

The opossum is a North American mammal about the size of a cat. It looks much like an over sized rat. In fact, one type of opossum is actually called the rat opossum. What's most interesting about opossums is how it reacts to predators: if it can't escape and hissing and showing its teeth do not scare off the predator, they pretend to die. The thing is, it's not doing this because it wants to; it can't really control it. Its muscles tighten up in fear and it faints.

The giant tortoise can live longer in captivity than any other animal.

The pekingese is the royal dog of China.

Snakes don’t bite in rivers or swamps because they would drown if they did.

St. Bernard dogs do not carry kegs of brandy, and never have.

Baby robins eat 14 feet of earthworms per day.

Ostriches stick their heads in the sand to look for water.

The Kiwi, national bird of New Zealand, can't fly. It lives in a hole in the ground, is almost blind and lays only one egg each year. Despite this, it has survived for more than 10 thousand years.

The oyster is usually ambisexual. Through its life it will change from male to female and back again numerous times.

In regions of India where the soil is red - elephants take on a permanent pink tinge because they regularly spray dust over their bodies to protect themselves against insects.

The most venomous of all snakes, known as the Inland Taipan has enough venom in one bite to kill over 200,000 mice.

Finches love thistle seeds. But only goldfinches can eat upside-down. Goldfinch feeders have openings underneath perches so other birds can't elbow their way into that particular chow line.

It takes seven years for a lobster to grow 1 pound.

A crocodile really does produce tears, but they're not due to sadness. The tears are glandular secretions that work to expel excess salt from the eyes. Hence, "crocodile tears" are false tears.

Ergonomic waterbeds are the latest must-have on the bovine circuit. The beds, listing at $175, are said to enhance cattle health by reducing joint damage.

A dog's mucus membrane is the size of fifty postage stamps.

The longest recorded life span of a camel was 35 years, 5 months.

78% of cats never travel with their owner.

To a human, one giant octopus looks virtually the same as any other of the same size and species. This explains why divers claim to have seen the same octopus occupy a den for ten or more years. But an octopus seldom lives longer than four years.

September 16-21 is Farm Animal Awareness Week.

The world camel population is 19,627,000.

Giraffes are the only animals born with horns. Both males and females are born with bony knobs on the forehead.

The giant crab of Japan can be as large as 12 feet across.

The snapping turtle eats carrion and is used by police to find dead bodies in lakes, ponds and swamps.

The Alaskan blackfish is found in Arctic region. When the cold Arctic winter comes, the waters the blackfish calls home freeze. And so does the blackfish! It's not dead, but only in a state of suspended animation. Months later when spring arrives, and ice melts, the blackfish comes back to "life" and goes off swimming on its merry way as if nothing ever happened.

Sharks never stop moving, even when they sleep or rest.

The woolly mammoth, extinct since the Ice Age, had tusks almost 16 feet high.

The king crab walks diagonally.

The East Alligator River in Australia's Northern Territory, was misnamed. It contains crocodiles not alligators.

The first known contraceptive was crocodile dung, used by Egyptians in 2000 B.C.

The kinkajou's tail is twice as long as its body. Every night, it wraps itself up in its tail and uses it as a pillow.

The average minimal speed of birds in order to remain aloft in flight is reported to be about 16 feet per second, or about 11 miles per hour.

Young birds such as ducks, geese, and shore birds are born with their eyes open.

A few species of monkeys and apes see the full spectrum of color, as well as some birds and possibly fish. Most animals, however, perceive the world in shades of gray, including the bull. A bull who charges a bright red cape is charging because of the movement of the cape, not the color.

A large kangaroo would make a great long-distance jumper, covering more than thirty feet with a single jump.

In Budapest, they control the pigeon population by mixing birth control chemicals with the birdseed.

Lobsters are scared of octopuses. The sight of one makes a lobster freeze.

A cat's jaw cannot move sideways.

Dogs have about 100 different facial expressions, most of them made with the ears.

In 1992 five cows were killed in drive by shootings in Clay County, Missouri.

When reflected from bright lights (head lights) deer's eyes are orange, whereas cats and dogs are green. Rabbits eyes remain black.

The heaviest dog on record is an Old English Mastiff named Zorba, who weighed 343 pounds and measured 8 feet and 3 in. from nose to tail.

In Vermont, the ratio of cows to people is 10:1.

In a test performed by Canadian scientists, using various different styles of music, it was determined that chickens lay the most eggs when pop music was played.

Koala is Aboriginal for "no drink".

The average adult male ostrich, the world's largest living bird, weighs up to 345 pounds.

The average elephant produces 50 pounds of dung each day.

Relative to their weight and size, birds are stronger than people. Luckily, they don't tend to throw their weight around.

The Platypus can eat its weight in worms every day.

A donkey will sink in quicksand but a mule won't.

If you feed a seagull Alka-Seltzer, its stomach will explode.

Pigs can become alcoholics.

A blue whale's tongue weighs more than an elephant.

A top freestyle swimmer achieves a speed of only 4 miles per hour. Fish, in contrast, have been clocked at 68 mph.

Did you know that at Disneyland they have hundreds of wild domesticated cats running around the park? They never come out during the day because there's too many people, but the reason they're there is to catch the mice.

The world's fastest reptile (measured on land) is the spiny-tailed iguana of Costa Rica. It has been clocked at 21.7 miles per hour.

Minnows have teeth in their throat.

Rattlesnakes gather in groups to sleep through the winter. Sometimes up to 1,000 of them will coil up together to keep warm.

In the air, puffins are powerful flyers, beating their wings 300 to 400 times a minute to achieve speeds up to 40 miles per hour.

There are 1,600 known species of starfishes in the world.

The Bateleur eagle of Africa hunts over a territory of 250 square miles a day.

More than one million stray dogs and over 500,000 stray cats live in the New York City metropolitan area.

There are 40,000 muscles and tendons in an elephant's trunk. This makes it very strong and flexible, allowing an elephant to pluck a delicate flower or lift a huge log. The trunk is used for touching, grasping, sucking, spraying, smelling, and striking.

Penguins can jump as high as 6 feet in the air.

No other animal gives us more by-products than the hog. These by-products include pig suede, buttons, glass, paint brushes, crayons, chalk, and insulation to name a few.

A bomb dropped by the Allies on Berlin during World War II killed every animal in the Berlin Zoo except the elephant, which escaped and roamed the city. When a Russian commander saw hungry Germans chasing the elephant and trying to kill it, he ordered his troops to protect it and shoot anyone who tried to kill it.

Armadillos are the only animal besides humans that can get leprosy.

To escape the grip of a crocodile's jaws, push your thumbs into its eyeballs-it will let you go instantly.

The "snood" is the fleshy projection just above the bill on a turkey.

The hairless area of roughened skin at the tip of a bear's snout is called the rhinarium.

The bones of a pigeon weigh less than its feathers.

The ostrich egg yolk is the biggest single cell in the world.

The bottle-nosed whale can dive to a depth of 3,000 feet in two minutes.

Male monkeys lose the hair on their heads in the same way men do.

Contrary to popular belief, dogs do not sweat by salivating, they sweat through the pads of their feet.

Many hamsters only blink one eye at a time.

The leg bones of a bat are so thin that no bat can walk.

While drug-sniffing dogs are trained to bark like crazy, go "aggressive" at the first whiff of the right powder... Bomb-sniffing dogs are trained to go "passive" lest they set off a motion sensor or a noise sensor or any number of other things that might go "kablooie."

During WWII, Americans tried to train bats to drop bombs.

The pupil of an octopus' eye is rectangular.

The Javan rhinoceros - a solitary, single-horned species - is the world's rarest large mammal. Only an estimated 50 to 70 of the animals remain in the wild. There are none in captivity.

Marcel Prousthave had a swordfish at home.

The first chimpanzee to travel in space was named Ham. The name came from the lab that he was raised in - the Holloman AeroMedical lab in Alamogordo, New Mexico. Ham's flight in a Mercury space capsule in 1961 helped to prove that space travel could be safe for humans.

The oldest know breed of domesticated dog is the saluki. Carvings of animals resembling the saluki have been found in excavations of the Sumerian Empire believed to date from between 6000 and 7000 B.C.

The beluga whale is often referred to as the "sea canary" because of the birdlike chirping sounds it makes.

More turkeys are raised in California than in any other state in the United States.

One species of antelope, the Sitatunga, can sleep underwater.

Most cows give more milk when they listen to music.

The largest order of mammals, with about 1,700 species, is rodents. Bats are second with about 950 species.

The bite of a leech is painless due to its own anesthetic.

The black bear is not always black. It can be brown, cinnamon, yellow, and sometimes a bluish color.

Most tropical marine fish could survive in a tank filled with human blood.

Most varieties of snake can go an entire year without eating a single morsel of food.

To provide their young with all the comforts of home while growing up, ichneumon wasps lay their eggs in or on the bodies of host grubs. But there's a catch. The grubs are sometimes those of wood-boring insects hidden deep within tree trunks. How to reach them? Ichneumons' abdomens come equipped with an egg laying structure, or ovipositor harden with ionized manganese or zinc. "Some can drill as much as three inches into solid wood," says Donald Quicke of Britain’s Imperial College. When the wasps hatch, they chew their way out with mouth-parts also hardened with minerals from the grubs they ate.

Shock treatment for epilepsy was once administered by electric catfish.

Each year, Americans spend more on cat food than on baby food.

The flamingoes of East Africa have few natural enemies. In general, the only predators an adult flamingo need fear are the fish eagle and the marabou stork.

Rabbits never walk or trot, but always hop or leap.

Gorillas and cats sleep about fourteen hours a day.

The flying snake of Java and Malaysia is able to flatten itself out like a ribbon and sail like a glider from tree to tree.

Rats can swim for a 1/2 mile without resting, and they can tread water for 3 days straight.

The only domestic animal not mentioned in the Bible is the cat.

An iguana can stay under water for twenty-eight minutes.

Dogs mature very fast in their early years. However, most of their growth occurs during the first two years. After that, development slows down. A one-year-old dog is like a teenage human and a two-year-old dog is like an adult in his mid-twenties. Only when the dog is older—more than ten—does a single dog year equal about seven human years.

Elephants have been found swimming miles from shore in the Indian Ocean.

Out of all the animals a circus animal trainer works with, none are deadlier than the elephant. More deaths are caused by the elephants than the large cats circus tamers train with.

Belize is the only country in the world with a jaguar preserve.

A quarter of the horses in the U.S. died of a vast virus epidemic in 1872.

All elephants walk on tip-toe, because the back portion of their foot is made up of all fat and no bone.

A baby eel is called an elver, a baby oyster is called a spat.

A robin's egg is blue, but if you put it in vinegar for thirty days it turns yellow.

Elephants often communicate at sound levels as low as 5Hz. This means that if you flap your hands back and forth faster than five times a second, an elephant can actually hear the tone produced.

The world's largest rodent is the Capybara. An Amazon water hog that looks like a guinea pig, it can weigh more than 100 pounds.

Mongooses were brought to Hawaii to kill rats. This plan failed because rats are nocturnal while the mongoose hunts during the day.

Frogs never drink. They absorb water from their surroundings by osmosis.

Seagulls are heavy in the front and light in the back. They experience less wind resistance when they face into the wind. When you see them at the beach on a windy day facing the same direction, they are trying to minimize the wind's resistance by facing into the wind.

Parthenogenesis is the term used to describe the process by which certain animals are able to reproduce themselves in successive female generations without intervention of a male of the species. At least one species of lizard is known to do so.

The only continent without reptiles or snakes is Antarctica.

A trout swims at about 4 miles per hour which is faster than you or me.

Lobsters can move up to 25 feet per second underwater.

A winkle is an edible sea snail.

A jynx is a woodpecker, also know as the wryneck because of its peculiar habit of twisting its neck.

In Wales, there are more sheep than people. (In 1996 the population for Wales was 2,921,000 with approximately 5,000,000 sheep)

The crocodile is a cannibal; it will occasionally eat other crocodiles.

Octopi and squid have three hearts. Their main systemic heart pumps blood throughout the circulatory system, and two branchial hearts provide some additional push at each of the paired gills.

February is the mating month for gray whales.

The crocodile is surprisingly fast on land. If pursued by a crocodile, a person should run in a zigzag motion, for the crocodile has little or no ability to make sudden changes of direction.

Of all known forms of animals life ever to inhabit the earth, only about 10 percent still exist today.

Fish travel in schools, whales travel in pods or gams.

Of the 250-plus known species of shark in the world, only about 18 are known to be dangerous to man.

Flamingoes feel safest when they are crowded together, hundreds in a group.

Flamingoes live remarkably long lives: up to 80 years.

Rhinos are in the same family as horses, and are thought to have inspired the myth of the unicorn.

Snakes continue to grow until the day they die.

Weighing approximately 13 pounds at birth, a baby caribou will double its weight in just 10 days.

The oyster is usually ambisexual. It begins life as a male, then becomes a female, then changes back to being a male, then back to being female; it may go back and forth many times.

The Pastern is the part of a horse located on the foot between the fetlock and the hoof.

The digestive juices of crocodiles contain so much hydrochloric acid that they have dissolved iron spearheads and six-inch steel hooks that the crocodiles have swallowed.

The penculine titmouse of Africa builds its home in such a sturdy manner that Masai tribesman use their nests for purses and carrying cases.

The domestic cat is the only species able to hold its tail vertically while walking. Wild cats hold their tail horizontally, or tucked between their legs while walking.

When a hippopotamus exerts itself, gets angry, or stays out of the water for too long, it exudes red sweatlike mucus through its skin.

The Penguin is the only bird that can swim, but not fly. It is also the only bird that walks upright.

A kind of tortoise in the Galapagos Islands has an upturned shell at its neck so it can reach its head up to eat cactus branches.

When two zebras stand side by side, they usually face in opposite directions. They say this is so they can keep an eye out for predators.

A typical day for a gorilla is to get up early and eat. It eats until it gets hot, then it will nap. When it gets up from its nap, they resume eating until the sun goes down.

There are more than 300 references to sheep and lambs, more than any other animal, in the Bible's Old Testament, one of the earliest records of sheep.

The underside of a horse's hoof is called a frog. The frog peels off several times a year with new growth.

The cells which make up the antlers of a moose are the fastest growing animal cells in nature.

The Dalmatian dog is named for the Dalmatian Coast of Croatia, where it is believed to have been originally bred.

A pelican consumes about 33 and 1/3 percent of its body weight in a single meal.

Chocolate effects a dogs heart and nervous system, a few ounces enough to kill a small sized dog.

Dachshunds are the smallest breed of dog used for hunting. They are low to the ground, which allows them to enter and maneuver through tunnels easily.

The golden tree frog has a croak that sounds like a mallet chipping rock, but in summer it sounds like a tinkling bell.

City squirrels will eat just about anything, and often, it's the junk food that people offer them that they prefer, like Cracker Jack peanuts. Many naturalists have concluded that a peanut diet is harmful to squirrels: it seems to result in a weakening of eyesight and a thinning of the animal's pelt.

A skunk will not bite and throw its scent at the same time.

The Mola Mola, or Ocean Sunfish, lays up to 5,000,000 eggs at one time.

Mother prairie dogs will nurse their young only while underground in the safety of the burrow. If an infant tries to suckle above ground, the mother will slap it.

The more that is learned about the ecological benefits of bats, the more home gardeners are going out of their way to entice these amazing winged mammals into their neighborhoods. Bats are voracious insect eaters, devouring as many as 600 bugs per hour for 4 to 6 hours a night. They can eat from one-half to three-quarters their weight per evening. Bats are also important plant pollinators, particularly in the southwestern U.S.

The chameleon has a tongue that is 1.5 times the length of its body.

Mother-of pearl is not always white. It can be pink, blue, purple, gray, or even green. Nor is it produced only by the pearl oyster. The abalone and the pearl mussel both have shells that are lined with fine-quality mother-of-pearl.

Orcas (killer whales) kill sharks by torpedoing up into the shark's stomach from underneath, causing the shark to explode.

Boredom can lead to madness in parrots. When caged by themselves and neglected for long periods of time, these intelligent, sociable birds can easily become mentally ill. Many inflict wounds upon themselves, develop strange tics, and rip out their own feathers. The birds need constant interaction, affection, and mental stimulation; some bird authorities have determined that some parrot breeds have the mental abilities of a 5-year-old human child. Should a neglected parrot go mad, there is little that can be done to restore it to normalcy. In England, there are "mental institutions" for such unfortunate creatures.

The smallest of American owls, the elf owl, often nests in the Gila woodpecker’s cactus hole after the woodpecker leaves. The owl measures barely 6 inches tall. It specializes in catching scorpions, seizing each by the tail and nipping off its stinger. It then swallows the scorpion’s body, pincers and all.

As much as 40-percent of the entire world's varieties of freshwater fish are to be found in the Amazon River basin. There are about 8,600 species of birds in the entire world, and more than half of them are also represented in this area.

The Portuguese jellyfish tentacles have been known to grow a mile in length, catching anything in it's path by stinging it's prey.

The African lungfish can live out of water for up to four years.

Cats can run slightly more than 30 miles per hour.

Male birds actually do most of the singing, primarily to stake out their territory and to invite females of their species over to mate. Females tend to select as mates those male birds who sing the most. It is believed they do this not because they like the quality of the singing, but because they have learned the males who sing the most have the most food in their territory. Since the male doesn't have to spend much time hunting for food, it has more time to sing.

At birth a panda is smaller than a mouse and weighs about four ounces.

The flying gurnard, a fish, swims in water, walks on land, and flies through the air.

Contrary to popular belief, elephants are not afraid of mice, and they do not have any better memory than any other animal.

Despite being a nine-inch-tall bird, the roadrunner can run as fast as a human sprinter.

While there are hundreds of species of sharks, only about seven are marketed and eaten with any regularity in the United States.

The largest species of seahorse measures 8 inches.

A camel can lose up to 30 percent of its body weight in perspiration and continue to cross the desert. A human would die of heat shock after sweating away only 12 percent of body weight.

There are about 500 different kinds of cone snails around the world. All have a sharp, modified tooth that stabs prey with venom like a harpoon. Most cone snails hunt worms and other snails, but some eat fish. These are the ones most dangerous to people. The nerve toxin that stops a fish is powerful enough to also kill a human.

The leech has 32 brains, 32 more than most humans.

The blow of a whale has a strong, foul odor. It apparently smells like a combination of spoiled fish and old oil. Because whales have such terrible breath, sailors believed at one time that a whiff of it could cause brain disorders.

The last of a cat's senses to develop is sight.

Mussels can thrive in polluted water because of an inborn ability to purify bacteria, fungi, and viruses.

Because birds carrying messages were often killed in flight by hawks, medieval Arabs made a habit of sending important messages twice.

Since housecats are clean and their coats are dry and glossy, their fur easily becomes charged with electricity. Sparks can be seen if their fur is rubbed in the dark.

The jackrabbit is not a rabbit; it is a hare.

A house cat has 18 claws.

A castrated rooster is called a capon.

A skark's skeleton is made up of cartilage.

The only venomous British snake is the adder.

To see at night as well as an owl, you would need eyeballs as big as a grapefruit.

The venom of the king cobra is so deadly that one gram of it can kill 150 people. Just to handle the substance can put one in a coma.

Cats purr at 26 cycles per second, the same as an idling diesel engine.

The sea lion can swim 6,000 miles, stopping only to sleep.

While many people believe that a camel's humps are used for water storage, they are actually made up of fat. The hump of a well-rested, well-fed camel can weigh up to eighty pounds.

Birds do not have sweat glands, so their bodies cannot cool down through perspiration. Their bodies cool by flight or, when at rest, panting.

Giant squids have eyes as big as watermelons.

Males lions can sleep for up to 20 hours a day.

The male howler monkey of Central and South America is the noisiest animal which can be heard clearly for distances of up to 3 miles.

Sharks can sense a drop of blood from 2.5 miles away.

The dumbest domesticated animal is the turkey.

The only place in Europe where monkeys live free is Gibraltar.

Beavers do not eat fish.

Australia has the largest sheep population.

Penguins only have sex once a year.

You can cut up a starfish into pieces and each piece will grow into a completely new starfish.

The blue whale can go up to 6 months without eating.

Fish can be susceptible to seasickness.

The female pigeon cannot lay eggs if she is alone. She must be able to see another pigeon in order for her ovaries to function. Her own reflection will work if no other pigeon is available.

Dolphins can kills sharks by ramming them with their snout.

A woodchuck breathes 2,100 times an hour, but it only breathes ten times an hour while it is hibernating.

The greyhound dog can reach speeds of up to 42 miles per hour.

The electric eel has an average discharge of 400 volts.

A parrots beak can close with a force close to 350 pounds per square inch.

Lemon sharks grow a new set of teeth every two weeks. That means one shark will go through more than 24,000 new teeth in a year.

Apus Australiensis, a shrimp-like crustacean of arid central Australia, survives where other water animals would perish because its eggs hatch only after they have been dried out in the sun.

Elephant tusks grow throughout an elephant's life and can weigh more than 200 pounds. Among Asian elephants, only the males have tusks. Both sexes of African elephants have tusks.

Reindeer like to eat bananas.

The average life expectancy of a leopard in captivity is 12 years.

Mice, whales, elephants, giraffes, and humans all have seven neck vertebra.

Elephants and short-tailed shrews get by on only two hours of sleep a day.

Elephants are covered with hair. Although it is not apparent from a distance, at close range, one can discern a thin coat of light hairs covering practically every part of an elephant's body.

The turkey was wrongly named after what was thought to be it's country of origin.

Elephants communicate in sound waves below the frequency that humans can hear.

Wolf packs could be found in all the forests of Europe, and in 1420 and 1438, wolves roamed the streets of Paris.

The whistling swan has more than 25,000 feathers on its body.

You can identify a grizzly bear's mark by the sign of five claws. A black bear will lacerate a tree trunk with four claws.

The white elephant is the sacred animal of Thailand.

The kakapo is a nocturnal burrowing parrot of New Zealand that has a green body with brown and yellow markings. Its name is from Maori and means "night parrot."

Gorillas beat their chests when they get nervous.

A cow's sweat glands are in the nose.

City squirrels will eat just about anything, and often, it's the junk food that people offer them that they prefer, like Cracker Jack peanuts. Many naturalists have concluded that a peanut diet is harmful to squirrels: it seems to result in a weakening of eyesight and a thinning of the animal's pelt.

A skunk will not bite and throw its scent at the same time.

The Mola Mola, or Ocean Sunfish, lays up to 5,000,000 eggs at one time.

Mother prairie dogs will nurse their young only while underground in the safety of the burrow. If an infant tries to suckle above ground, the mother will slap it.

The more that is learned about the ecological benefits of bats, the more home gardeners are going out of their way to entice these amazing winged mammals into their neighborhoods. Bats are voracious insect eaters, devouring as many as 600 bugs per hour for 4 to 6 hours a night. They can eat from one-half to three-quarters their weight per evening. Bats are also important plant pollinators, particularly in the southwestern U.S.

The chameleon has a tongue that is 1.5 times the length of its body.

Mother-of pearl is not always white. It can be pink, blue, purple, gray, or even green. Nor is it produced only by the pearl oyster. The abalone and the pearl mussel both have shells that are lined with fine-quality mother-of-pearl.

Orcas (killer whales) kill sharks by torpedoing up into the shark's stomach from underneath, causing the shark to explode.

Boredom can lead to madness in parrots. When caged by themselves and neglected for long periods of time, these intelligent, sociable birds can easily become mentally ill. Many inflict wounds upon themselves, develop strange tics, and rip out their own feathers. The birds need constant interaction, affection, and mental stimulation; some bird authorities have determined that some parrot breeds have the mental abilities of a 5-year-old human child. Should a neglected parrot go mad, there is little that can be done to restore it to normalcy. In England, there are "mental institutions" for such unfortunate creatures.

The smallest of American owls, the elf owl, often nests in the Gila woodpecker’s cactus hole after the woodpecker leaves. The owl measures barely 6 inches tall. It specializes in catching scorpions, seizing each by the tail and nipping off its stinger. It then swallows the scorpion’s body, pincers and all.

As much as 40-percent of the entire world's varieties of freshwater fish are to be found in the Amazon River basin. There are about 8,600 species of birds in the entire world, and more than half of them are also represented in this area.

The Portuguese jellyfish tentacles have been known to grow a mile in length, catching anything in it's path by stinging it's prey.

The African lungfish can live out of water for up to four years.

Cats can run slightly more than 30 miles per hour.

Male birds actually do most of the singing, primarily to stake out their territory and to invite females of their species over to mate. Females tend to select as mates those male birds who sing the most. It is believed they do this not because they like the quality of the singing, but because they have learned the males who sing the most have the most food in their territory. Since the male doesn't have to spend much time hunting for food, it has more time to sing.

At birth a panda is smaller than a mouse and weighs about four ounces.

The flying gurnard, a fish, swims in water, walks on land, and flies through the air.

Contrary to popular belief, elephants are not afraid of mice, and they do not have any better memory than any other animal.

Despite being a nine-inch-tall bird, the roadrunner can run as fast as a human sprinter.

While there are hundreds of species of sharks, only about seven are marketed and eaten with any regularity in the United States.

A female swine, or a sow, will always have a even number of teats or nipples, usually twelve.

Unlike most cats, tigers love the water and can easily swim three or four miles.

The owl parrot can't fly, and builds its nest under tree roots.

Gorillas do not know how to swim.

A 4-inch-long abalone can grip a rock with a force of 400 pounds. Two grown men are incapable of prying it up.

A bird "chews" with its stomach. Since most birds do not have teeth, a bird routinely swallows small pebbles and gravel. These grits become vigorously agitated in the bird's stomach and serve to grind food as it passes through the digestive system.

A bird sees everything at once in total focus. Whereas the human eye is globular and must adjust to varying distances, the bird's eye is flat and can take in everything at once in a single glance.

There are about 40 different muscles in a birds wing.

A bison can jump 6 feet.

There are about 5,000 species of coral known. Only about half of them build reefs.

If nothing ever sticks to TEFLON, how do they make TEFLON stick to the pan?

Do vegetarians eat animal crackers?

Crazy but True