One legend claims stealing someone's shadow (by measuring it against a wall and driving a nail through its head) can turn
the victim into a vampire.
Avoid people who talk to themselves. According to Ukrainian legend, that could indicate a dual soul and the second one
doesn't die! Also watch out for the seventh son of a seventh son, a person born with a red caul (amniotic membrane covering
the head), or a child born with teeth. A vampire can result if a cat or dog walks over a fresh grave, a bat flies over the
corpse, or the person has died suddenly as a result of suicide or murder. Unfinished business can also cause a body to rise,
as can inadequate burial rites, including a grave that is too shallow.
Most vampires are described in folklore as flushed and ruddy, with swollen bodies and bloated faces. Often, they can be
identified because they're sitting up in the grave.
According to folklore, there are a number of ways to protect yourself from vampires, including the ever-popular wearing
of garlic or a religious symbol. You can slow a vampire down by giving him something to do, like pick up poppy seeds or unravel
a net. (They're quite compulsive.) Cross water and he can't follow. If you can find the body, give it a bottle of whiskey
or food so it doesn't have to travel. If that doesn't work, either shoot the corpse (may require a silver bullet) or drive
a stake through the heart. And remember, the vampire won't enter your dwelling unless invited.
Trivia is the Roman goddess of sorcery, hounds and the crossroads.
In Dante's "Inferno" the Ninth Circle of Hell is reserved for those who betray family or country. The denizens of this
deepest circle, who are frozen in ice, include Judas (betrayer of Christ) and Cassius and Brutus (betrayers of Julius Caesar).
Abe Silverstein, who headed NASA's Space Flight Development Program, proposed the name Apollo for the space exploration
programs in the 1960's. He chose that legendary Greek name because the virile Apollo was a god who rode through the skies
in a magnificent golden chariot. The precedent of naming manned spacecraft for mythological gods had been set earlier with
Project Mercury, also named by Silverstein.
Some people consider the $1 bill unlucky because there are so many 13's on it: 13 stars, 13 stripes, 13 steps, 13 arrows
and even an olive branch with 13 leaves on it. Of course the $1 bill is unlucky - if it was lucky it would be a $100 bill.
The name of the legendary Lady Godiva's horse - Aethenoth
An artificial spider and web are often included in the decorations on Ukrainian Christmas trees. A spider web found on
Christmas morning is believed to bring good luck.
When visiting Finland, Santa leaves his sleigh behind and rides on a goat named Ukko. Finnish folklore has it that Ukko
is made of straw, but is strong enough to carry Santa Claus anyway.
According to legend, if a hare crosses a person's path as he starts out on a journey, the trip will be unlucky and it's
best to return home and start again. If a pregnant woman sees a hare, her child may be born with a hare-lip. If a hare runs
down the main street of a town, it foretells a fire. Cornish legend says that girls who die of grief after being rejected
by a lover turn into white hares and haunt their former beaus.
Ancient Greeks wove marjoram into funeral wreaths and put them on the graves of loved ones. The wreaths served as prayers
for the happiness of the deceased in a future life.
Breaking of a glass is traditional in some wedding ceremonies. This custom symbolizes different things. To some its the
destruction of the temple in Jerusalem, and for some its the represents the fragility of a relationship.
In Greek culture, brides carry a lump of sugar in their wedding glove. It's supposed to bring sweetness to their married
Placing a wreath on a grave is part of an ancient belief it was necessary to provide comforts for the dead and give them
gifts in order for their spirits to not haunt the mourners. The circular arrangement represents a magic circle which is supposed
to keep the spirit within its bounds.
The Sphinx at Giza in Egypt is 240 feet long and carved out of limestone. Built by Pharaoh Khafre to guard the way to his
pyramid, it has a lion's body and the ruler's head.
The Vikings believed that the Northern lights which are seen from time to time in the north sky were caused by the flashing
armor and spears of Odin's handmaidens as they rode out to collect warriors slain in battle.
One gift-giving taboo in China is the giving of straw sandals, which are associated with funerals, and therefore considered
Crossing one's fingers is a way of secretly making the sign of the Cross. It was started by early Christians to ask for
divine assistance without attracting the attention of pagans.
One sign of rain that farmers once searched for was for their pigs to pick up sticks and walk around with them in their
During the Civil War, Gen. Ulysses S. Grant believed that onions would prevent dysentery and other physical ailments. He
reportedly sent the following message via wire to the War Department: "I will not move my army without onions." Within a day,
the U.S. government sent three trainloads of onions to the front.
Contrary to popular belief, there are almost no Buddhists in India, nor have there been for about a thousand years.
On the stone temples of Madura in southern India, there are more than 30 million carved images of gods and goddesses.
One superstition says that if a girl leaves her house early on Valentine's Day and the first person she meets is a man,
then she will be married within three months.
Less romantic was the old historical opinion that Valentine's Day is a good day to prepare eels for the purposes of magic.
Eating an eel's heart was once believed to enable a person to see into the future.
The reason one wears a wedding ring on the third finger is that (tradition says) there is supposed to be a vein which goes
directly from that finger to the heart—i.e., the seat of love. Also, not everyone wears that wedding ring on the third
finger of the LEFT hand. In some traditions, such as the Jewish one, it is worn on the right hand. Also, I'm given to understand
that nuns ("brides of Christ") wear a wedding ring, again on the right hand.
To prevent evil spirits from entering the bodies of their male children, parents dressed them in blue. Blue was chosen
because it's the color of the sky and was therefore associated with heavenly spirits.
Girls weren't dressed in blue, apparently because people didn't think that evil spirits would bother with them. Eventually,
however, girls did get their own color: pink. Pink was chosen because of an old English legend which said that girls were
born inside of pink roses.
The famous Citgo sign near Fenway Park in Boston is maintained not by Citgo, but by Boston's historical society.
In the 1700's you could purchase insurance against going to hell, in London England.
The Aztec Indians of Mexico believed turquoise would protect them from physical harm, and so warriors used these green
and blue stones to decorate their battle shields.
Black cats are considered lucky in England.
Long ago, the people of Nicaragua believed that if they threw beautiful young women into a volcano it would stop erupting.
In medieval times, thunderstorms were believed by some to be the work of demons. So when it stormed, bell ringers would
go up into the bell towers to ring the consecrated bells in an effort to stop the storm. This practice didn't always work
out well for the bell ringer.
No one knows where the expression "to grin like a Cheshire cat" originated, but it wasn't with Carroll. The Cheshire cat
is a well-known character in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, but the expression, meaning a sneering smile that shows the
gums, existed long before he wrote the book. There is no such breed of cat.
Superstition says that the left side is the wrong side of the bed.
Aphrodite was the Greek goddess of love.
The ace of spades in a playing card deck symbolizes death.
The dove is considered the symbol of peace.
Ra was the sun god of ancient Egypt.
The mythical figure Father Time carries an hourglass and a scythe.
It's a myth that owls don't hunt in the daytime because they can't see in daylight. It's just that rats and mice, the main
items on owl menus, are most active after dark.
Many sailors believe a cat on board a ship means a lucky trip.
The mythical Scottish town of Brigadoon appears for one day every 100 years.
January is named for the Roman god Janus.
Influenza got its name from that fact that people believed the disease was because of the evil "influence" of stars.
During the middle ages, it was widely believed that men had one less rib than woman. This is because of the story in the
Bible that Eve had been created out of Adam's rib.
The seven deadly sins (sins serious enough to kill one's soul) are currently anger, envy, pride, sloth, lust, gluttony,
and covetousness. They haven't always been so, however. Originally, there were eight deadly sins (as proposed by Avagrius
of Pontus). The eight (in order of increasing severity) were gluttony, lust, avarice, sadness, anger, apathy, vainglory, and
pride. Gregory the Great later decided that vainglory and pride were too much alike to be counted separately and combined
them. He added envy. Later still, the Roman Catholic Church decided sadness wasn't a sin, and added sloth. Somewhere along
the way, apathy was dropped as well.
Hindu men once believed it to be unluckily to marry a third time. They could avoid misfortune by marrying a tree first.
The tree (his third wife) was then burnt, freeing him to marry again.
When christening a ship, instead of using champagne, the Vikings would sacrifice a human being.
The Vikings also thought the spirits of the murdered person would guide and guard the craft.